Welcome to Kalampaka – Meteora!
There are no words to describe this unique rock formation, symbol of Christianity in Greece, part of the UNESCO world heritage and one of the most visited sites of the world with an breathtaking view – Meteora.
This site is so exceptional that you will cherish it forever. The phenomenon of cultural heritage consists of six monasteries, each built on a rock formation, 400 m above the ground so that they look as if they were floating in the air. The significance of this site is not only religious, but also historical, geological, natural, and cultural.
Meteora is one of Christianity’s holiest places, the second largest monastic and pilgrimage area in Greece after Mount Athos, as well as a landscape of exceptional natural beauty. It is not secure when the formation was built, it is assumption that it was built in 11th century. It was made deliberately with difficult approach as the way of special soul search and pilgrimage. In the beginning there were 24 monasteries. Nowadays, 6 of them remained and the Holy Monastery of St. Stephen and the Holy Monastery of Roussanou are inhabited by nuns while the remain are inhabited by monks. The total monastic population of the Meteora monasteries in 2015 was 56, comprising 15 monks in four monasteries and 41 nuns in two monasteries. The monasteries are now tourist attractions. The monasteries are the following: The monastery of Great Meteoron, The monastery of Varlaam, The monastery of Rousanou, Monastery of St. Nicholas Anapausas, The monastery of the Holy Trinity.
From a geological aspect, Meteora is a truly inspiring and extraordinary setting of overwhelming rock formations. Its gigantic rocks are perched above the town of Kalambaka, while the most interesting summits are decorated with historical monasteries. To reach some of the monasteries, you can either follow the steps cut into the rock or ride up a special cable car. The geology of this rocks is complicated. They are not volcanic plugs of hard igneous rock typical elsewhere, but the rocks are composed of a mixture of sandstone and conglomerate. The conglomerate was formed of deposits of stone, sand, and mud from streams flowing into a delta at the edge of a lake, over millions of years.
As this site in which the monasteries are build are natural phenomenon it is very interesting for nature and alpinism lovers to hike or climb the rocks making it one of the most spiritual and unforgettable experiences there is.